Divorce laws in Canada were officially established in 1986. Prior to that, adultery was the only grounds for divorce in Canada. The Divorce laws in Canada of 1986 recognize only one ground for divorce: the breakdown of the marriage. What constitutes breakdown?
The first one falls under no-fault divorce and either spouse can file for a no-fault divorce. Both spouses can formally file for a divorce even before the one year period, but the divorce judgment is given only after the one-year period.
The last two (adultery and cruelty) fall under fault-based divorce and the one-year waiting period is waived. It is, however, only available to the spouse who is not at fault.
In general the grounds used by applicants are living separate and apart for one year, this option is the most effective cost option and where there is a Separation Agreement, they know the divorce will go through uncontested. Lawyers then file the proper paperwork with the court and the material is returned a few months later.
In the application used in the divorce laws in Canada, there are times that lawyers indicate the incidences of abuse, as well as adultery.
For instance, if a parent is having a relationship outside the marriage that affects the children, lawyers will look at adultery. Money spent as a result of the adulterous relationship, i.e. traveling to and from different countries or moving money to support that other person, is also considered. Other than that, adultery really does not factor into the court proceedings.
There is no legal requirement for you to become divorced unless you want to remarry. Many people however get divorced simply to bring closure.
Probably not. Court appearances are usually reserved for defended or complex divorce actions.
Perhaps, but certain steps must be taken before the court will allow you to proceed. You will need to employ a lawyer.
No. Just as with any law suit, anyone can act for himself or herself. However, if you want anything other than the divorce itself you would be well advised to consult with a lawyer. In many cases people getting divorced also have issues relating to children, support or property to be dealt with. In those cases you should see a lawyer experienced in family law matters to make sure your rights are being fully protected.
Yes. The divorce laws in Canada make a distinction between the act of getting people freed from the legal relationship of marriage and finalizing the various other issues that may still exist between them such as spousal support, child support, custody and access. These collateral issues can be dealt with after a divorce or as part of the divorce proceedings, but after the divorce itself has been granted. This allows parties who want to remarry to do so without forcing them to first settle the corollary issues.
Bringing the legal relationship of marriage to an end is the chief function of the divorce proceeding. Divorce laws in Canada allow the court to deal with issues of spousal support, child support, custody and access.
Most often the divorce itself is not contested. The party being served with the divorce documents may choose not to oppose the request for