Single parents (also lone parent, solo parent and sole parent) are parents who care for one or more children without the physical assistance of another parent in the home. Possible causes are: divorce, adoption, artificial insemination, surrogate motherhood, or the result of an unforeseeable occurrence, such as a death, child abuse, child neglect, or abandonment by biological parents.
The living and parenting arrangements for sole parents are diverse. When parents separate, usually the primary parent tends to the children the majority of the time and the non-resident parents continue to share some type of parenting time and responsibility with their child.
Sole parenting is strongly associated with an increased risk of a number of negative social, behavioral and emotional outcomes for children. However, most children from sole parent families do well.
Many factors influence how children develop in single-parent families:
Disadvantages in these factors that often accompany sole parenting appear to cause most of this association rather than sole parenting itself.
A common way for sole parents to seek and receive help is over the Internet by conversing with other sole parents in similar situations.
There are various websites available, for support, information, and sharing the sole parenting experience through offering discussion forums, blogs and professional advice to those parents who find themselves having a difficult time parenting alone. Many sole parent communities offer chat boards through each stage of child development.
single parents have often been the focus of public policy debate. What is the role of the government in their support? What is the consequence of the decline of the traditional family? Poverty is the major issue facing single mothers and their children in the United States today. The policy debate tends to split along the lines of the conservatives emphasizing a minimal role for government and an employment focus, and liberals who tend to support more government involvement in an attempt to minimize poverty through social programs.
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